Mariano Rivera: A Yankee Legend Friday, May 4 2012 

Mariano Rivera gets his record-breaking 602nd save, September 19, 2011 at Yankee Stadium.

It’s unusual, if not unheard of, for a baseball team’s fans to love their closing pitcher the way Yankee fans love Mariano Rivera.

Then again, it’s unusual to find someone like Mariano Rivera, on or off the baseball field.

That’s why last night’s news hit us all so hard. A collapse on the warning track at Kaufmann Stadium in Kansas City turned out to be a torn ACL. This certainly means that Rivera is out for the year, and quite likely it also means that his pitching career is over. While many fans have assumed that Mo would retire at the end of the 2012 season, this isn’t how any of us imagined his incredible career ending.  It was supposed to end with fanfare—ideally, of course, when Rivera recorded one last out in a deciding game of the World Series, bringing the Yankees their 28th championship. Instead, last night we were watching with tears in our eyes as Mo said that he wasn’t sure he’d ever pitch again, that he’d let his teammates down, and that he was staying in Kansas City for the time being so that he could “be there for the guys.”

Such an ending feels incomplete, unfair, and just plain wrong. Yet, as heartbreaking as it all is, it also reminds me of why we Yankee fans have been so blessed to have Mo on our team for so many years.  So now, sad as I still am at this news, I want to shift my focus away from how Mo’s time in baseball is apparently ending and celebrate what has been an amazing, inspiring career.

There generally wasn’t a whole lot of suspense when Mariano Rivera took the mound in the 9th inning. Most of the time, the Yankees had the lead, and with Mo pitching, they were going to keep it and win. The lack of suspense didn’t matter then; the excitement came from watching one of the most talented players in baseball at work. No matter how many times we saw Rivera throw that famous cutter, and no matter how many batters we saw him strike out or saves we saw him record, getting to see him pitch was a treat. Most of the Yankee home games I’ve been to weren’t particularly eventful, but I’ve never minded, because I always enjoyed seeing Rivera get the save, not to mention the thunderous standing ovation as he jogged onto the field to Metallica’s “Enter Sandman.”

The numbers for Mo’s career are certainly impressive. He’s recorded 608 regular season saves and 42 postseason saves (how fitting).  He has career ERA of 2.21 and a WHIP of 1.00, as well as 1,119 strikeouts. I’m sure that someone better versed in advanced statistics than I am could offer some more insights on that front. However, as remarkable as these numbers all are, they don’t tell the whole story. Yes, Mariano Rivera is the greatest closing pitcher in MLB history, and of course his incredible talent has a lot to do with that. But he is also the greatest because of his dedication to the game and to his team. Every game mattered to him in its entirety, whether he was going to get a save opportunity or not. By all accounts, he is an excellent teammate who is as consistent in being a friend and counselor to his fellow Yankees as he is in getting those saves. Though confident in his abilities (and why shouldn’t he be?), Rivera is also known for his humility and his quickness to give credit to his teammates for their successes. It’s never just about him.

Perhaps, though, Mariano Rivera has been at his most admirable on those occasions when things haven’t gone well. His blown saves are few and far between, for sure, but they’re so rare that they’ve always gotten noticed. Failure is difficult for any athlete to deal with, but Mo always faced the screw-ups and scrutiny with dignity. He took responsibility for his infrequent failures and promised to do better next time. Even with the disappointment of a loss, it was impossible not to admire his graciousness, and we Yankee fans knew that he would indeed do better next time. Greatness isn’t just about how rarely you mess up; it’s about coming back from those unusual failures as good as ever. Mariano Rivera has exemplified that throughout his baseball career.

Even with the speculation running rampant all over the Internet, I think it’s way too soon to know whether Rivera will want and be able to pitch during the 2013 season, or whether this really is the end of the road for him. Obviously, my fellow Yankee fans and I are hoping for the former. But whatever the future holds, though, this much is true: upon his retirement, Mariano Rivera will leave one of the greatest legacies in the history of professional sports, both on and off the field. His pitching talents are certainly something for younger players to aspire to, but his devotion to his teammates and his humility in the face of unprecedented success are even more so. Whether an athlete on the field or a fan in the stands, his example is one that we can and should all be proud to follow.

It’s perfectly understandable for Yankee fans, and baseball fans in general, to be sad right now, regardless of what you’ve heard about crying in baseball. Last night’s news was tough to hear, and the uncertainty in the air isn’t any easier. But despite this unfortunate, heartbreaking injury, Mariano Rivera remains dedicated to his beloved team, continuing to demonstrate why we’ve admired him all these years. Wherever his journey takes him next, we fans will certainly have something to feel sad about when he retires, but we will have far, far more to celebrate.

P.S. Mariano Rivera to reporters today: “I’m coming back. Write it down in big letters. I’m not going out like this.”

This is exactly what I’m talking about. We’re all rooting for you, Mo!


My 5 Favorite Mad Men Episodes…So Far Saturday, Mar 24 2012 

I started renting Mad Men DVDs from Netflix in late 2010. I had already heard a lot—way too much, in fact—about the series, and despite having already learned about most of the major plot points, I wanted to see it for myself. It has since become one of my favorite shows, and needless to say, I’m more than a little excited for tomorrow’s long-awaited season 5 premiere.

Originally, I was going to write about my top 10 episodes of Mad Men, but I wanted to be able to discuss each of my favorite episodes in a little more depth, so I reduced the number to five. These are the five that I believe are the best examples of the show’s great writing and acting, and maybe even the ones that best define what the series is all about. (And besides, picking just another five episodes to include with these five just proved too difficult of a decision, which I’m sure any fan of this show can understand!)

If you have never watched the show but plan to, or you’re not done with the first four seasons yet, there are some MAJOR spoilers ahead, so read at your own risk!

5. “Smoke Gets in Your Eyes” (Season 1, Episode 1)

Don Draper considers the possibilities for new Lucky Strike advertisements.

With new regulations coming for tobacco advertisements and increasing information about the health risks of smoking, Sterling Cooper’s creative director Don Draper must find a new way to market Lucky Strike cigarettes and soothe the company’s fears about their future. Meanwhile, he is also juggling a bohemian girlfriend in the Village with his picture-perfect wife and children in the suburbs.  The episode also introduces other key characters, including account executive Pete Campbell, office manager Joan Holloway, senior partner Roger Sterling, and Don’s naïve new secretary Peggy Olson, who has no idea just how much her life is going to change after that first day on the job.

The first season of Mad Men, in my opinion, was a bit uneven, but this first episode was a terrific start to the series, immersing us in its complex characters, sharp dialogue, and captivating atmosphere right from the opening scene, and already throwing in a few surprises as well.  It establishes right away that this isn’t going to be a nostalgia piece about the 1960s, but an honest look at the prejudices and bad behavior of the era that people are often quick to forget.  While the series faltered a bit after “Smoke Gets in Your Eyes,” this episode showed how much potential Mad Men had, and I was very happy to see that potential finally becoming fulfilled by the end of the first season.

4. “Meditations in an Emergency” (Season 2, Episode 13)

After keeping a secret for almost two years, Peggy tells Pete the truth about their relationship.

The nationwide panic of the Cuban Missile Crisis is brilliantly juxtaposed in the second season finale with crises in the lives of the characters. Sterling Cooper is being sold to a larger British firm, and no one at the office is sure what it could mean for the future…assuming there is one. Back at the Draper home, Betty, still separated from Don, receives some unwelcome news: she is pregnant with the couple’s third child.

What stands out most in this fine episode, though, is a cathartic scene between Peggy and Pete. After refusing to leave New York with his wife in order to “escape” a nuclear attack, Pete invites Peggy into his office for a drink and admits that he loves her and “should’ve picked [her] then.” Peggy responds by finally telling him that their brief tryst left her pregnant and that she gave the baby up for adoption. It’s a marvelously written and acted scene, and Peggy’s words to the shaken Pete reveal so much.  She is acutely aware of how much she’s changed during her time at Sterling Cooper; she’s no longer a meek, insecure secretary, but a gifted copywriter with an office who can hold her own against anyone else at the agency. While she a little seems unsure whether all the changes in her are for better or worse, she’s moved on from her onetime lover, and she isn’t letting him or anyone else define her anymore.

3. “Nixon vs. Kennedy” (Season 1, Episode 12)

Don Draper recalls his final moments as Dick Whitman in this flashback to the Korean War.

The employees at Sterling Cooper decide the 1960 election is a perfect reason to throw an all-night office party—a party that has, of course, some unexpected results. The real story here, though, is the revelation of how Dick Whitman became Don Draper—namely, by stealing the identity of an Army superior killed in action. It’s a shocking story that makes one realize the extent of Don’s resourcefulness and his desperation not to return to his old life. I found myself torn between horror at what he had done and understanding that he did what he had to do. Having watched the entire series twice now, I still don’t entirely know what to think of these actions.

Of course, the drama doesn’t stop there. After stealing a box of photographs and other items meant for Don in a previous episode, the ever-sneaky Pete Campbell knows about Don’s past and attempts to blackmail Don into giving him the coveted Head of Accounts position. There’s been tension between Don and Pete since “Smoke Gets in Your Eyes,” and it reaches a boiling point here. It’s the first time we see Don losing control of the situation; he is clearly terrified that his years of lies will be exposed and everything he has worked for will be ruined. However, this cat-and-mouse game between Don and Pete, one of the most gripping story arcs in the series’ history, comes to a conclusion neither of them expects as agency patriarch Bert Cooper steals the show with his answer to Pete’s attack on Don.

2. “The Suitcase” (Season 4, Episode 7)

Peggy and Don grab a bite at a diner after arguing earlier in the evening.

Set against the background of an historic boxing match between Sonny Liston and Muhammad Ali, “The Suitcase” focuses on the complex relationship between Don and Peggy. After Don’s demands for a Samsonite campaign disrupt Peggy’s birthday plans, the two have a brutal argument about Don’s tough treatment of Peggy and who deserves credit for what. Later in the evening, though, the two go out for dinner and drinks and confide in each other more than they ever have. Don talks about his unhappy childhood, while Peggy discusses not wanting what women her age are expected to want. After a surprise confrontation with former Sterling Cooper employee Duck Phillips–also a former lover of Peggy’s–the two fall drunkenly asleep on the couch in Don’s office. The following morning, Peggy comforts Don after he learns that his beloved confidante Anna (the real Don Draper’s widow) has died from cancer—news he’s been avoiding since the previous day.

This is one of the most acclaimed episodes of Mad Men, and it’s not hard to see why. It’s a near-perfect combination of wit, emotional rawness, and surprisingly tender moments between Don and Peggy.  These two have often been very hard on each other, but they have also have a connection that neither has with anyone else at the office, or outside of it. Peggy can say things to Don that she can’t say to most other people. Don respects Peggy and her talent, and unlike a lot of other men at the agency, he doesn’t see her gender as any reason for her not to be successful. These are two people who are happiest when they’re working, and despite the tension that arises between them from time to time, on a personal level, they’re more comfortable with each other than with their own families or lovers.  “The Suitcase” does a wonderful job of observing and analyzing all of this without other distractions. Whether there’s a romantic future for these characters or not (I’ve heard it speculated, and I have mixed feelings), this is one of the most interesting relationships on television.

1. “Shut the Door. Have a Seat.” (Season 3, Episode 13)

A personal end and a professional beginning come together in Don Draper's life.

Who knew that there’d ever be so much action in one Mad Men episode? Just as Don and Betty’s marriage is breaking up, Sterling Cooper and its parent company are for sale to McCann Erickson. Don, Bert, Roger, and Lane know the takeover will destroy their positions and their power, so they decide to take action. With a secretiveness that rivals any well-done caper movie, they get themselves fired from Sterling Cooper, recruit a few key employees to join them, and steal all the important client materials they’ll need for their new agency, Sterling Cooper Draper Pryce.  Because there was so little discussion of the possible sale in previous episodes, this incredibly clever episode is full of thrills and surprises, and it makes the audience feel as if they’re in on the best secret ever. The episode is further boosted by Joan’s return to the office where she belongs, using her managerial skills to help with the transition to the new firm instead of wasting them at home on her irritating, ne’er-do-well husband. Perhaps the best moment, though, is when Don visits Peggy at home after she rejects his offer to join the new firm. He’s been tough on her all through season 3, but he wants to reassure her that he values her abilities. “I will spend the rest of my life trying to hire you,” he explains, finally convincing her. It’s an incredibly touching moment and a nice preview of what would happen later on in “The Suitcase.”

Once again, part of Mad Men’s brilliance is its juxtaposition of its storylines. The dissolution of the Draper marriage isn’t exactly a shock at this point, but it’s still heartbreaking to watch Don and Betty explain the situation to their confused, devastated children. Positioning that sad end in Don’s personal life against the excitement and hopefulness of the new agency is a brilliant move, not only because it presents a reflection on endings and new beginnings, but also because of what it says about Don Draper himself. No matter how unable Don is to save anything in his personal life, he will always find a solution when it comes to his work. With its sharp combination of hope and despair, meditation and action, “Shut the Door. Have a Seat” is everything we’d come to hope for from Mad Men (and then some), and yet it reveals that nothing on this great show will ever be quite the same.

Revolution! The Atlantic World Reborn at the New-York Historical Society Friday, Mar 16 2012 

Jean-Baptiste Belley, an important figure in the Haitian Revolution.

Last week, I visited the New-York Historical Society for the first time since its renovation. Even more so than before, the museum is an absolute must-see for any history buff living in or visiting the New York area. With its exciting exhibits and diverse collection, it is a great place to learn more about the history of both New York City and the United States.

What I’d especially like to discuss today is one of N-YHS’s current exhibits, titled Revolution! The Atlantic World Reborn. The exhibit is focused on the American, French, and Haitian revolutions of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and it is the first exhibit to present these three revolutions as “a single, global narrative.” It documents the various sources of dissatisfaction among the peoples of the Atlantic, dating back to the British victory in the French and Indian War, which brought Britain to the height of its imperial power in North America.

There are many objects of great interest on display, both from the N-YHS collection and other institutions in the U.S. and Europe. These include paintings and political cartoons, a first edition of Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense,” abolitionist Thomas Clarkson’s “Africa box” used in his anti-slavery lectures, and even the original Stamp Act from 1765, on loan from the Parliamentary Archives in London.

These object come together to cover a wide range of topics important in the revolutionary era, including the role of coffeehouses and newspapers as catalysts of dissatisfaction and dissent, Enlightenment ideas that sparked the American Revolution, and the transition from the acceptance of monarchy to the new ideal of popular sovereignty.  The exhibit does a particularly good job of discussing how these revolutions and the raised new questions about the ethics of slavery and what the standards for human rights should be.

As a history buff, I was pleased to see how well Revolution! demonstrated the connections between these three revolutions and paid so much attention to the Haitian Revolution. The American and French Revolutions and how one influenced the other are covered numerous times in history classes at every level of education, but in all the history classes I’ve taken in my life, I don’t recall the revolution in Haiti being taught extensively, if it was even mentioned at all. I appreciated the opportunity to learn more about Haiti and now feel inspired to do some reading about its revolution, which, I believe, was just as bold as the American and French ones that came before it.

The major events included in Revolution! are extraordinary enough on their own, but seeing how much these three countries influenced each other during this era makes them even more remarkable. The relatively new field of Atlantic history is not without its critics (almost nothing in academia is, I suppose), but it does the important work of highlighting how interconnected Europe, Africa, and the Americas were during the early modern era. To talk about one without talking about the others results in a failure to tell the story of that time in history as fully as possible. It was exciting to see a museum exhibit that shows such a good understanding of this concept.

Revolution! The Atlantic World Reborn runs at the New-York Historical Society until April 15, 2012. You can learn more about this exhibit and others at the New-York Historical Society here. After my recent visit, I look forward to seeing what the Society has in store for us history buffs next.